This course continues the examination of principles and applications of biology that begun in BIO 101 (General Biology I). The origin of life and diversity of organisms seen in five biological kingdoms will be considered. These five kingdom classification include; Monera, Fungi, Protista, Plantae and Animalia. Basically, General Biology II (Section A) focuses on topics including description, nutrient acquisition, digestion, reproduction, life cycles, characteristics, classifications and core economic importance of representative organisms of the Kingdom Monera and Fungi. 

This course is designed to achieve the practical aspects of General Biology I. The Lectures, Coursework, and Laboratory Practicals are designed to provide the Student with a wide range of information about Living Systems and Organisms and enable them to see real-life demonstrations of the theoretical aspects of the course. It will also enable the students to understand how scientists acquire, evaluate and use scientific knowledge, and the implications and limitations of such acquired knowledge

The students will be exposed to the following, which include, but are not limited to General Conduct in the laboratory; Laboratory organization; Handling common laboratory equipment. General principles of Microscopy, Microscope handling, and maintenance; Preparation of temporary slides; Scientific naming. Making observations, inferences, and practical activities on observation of Plant and Animal cells using a microscope (observing similarities and differences). Procuring specimens, preserving and maintaining animals’ materials e.g. Algae, fungi, etc.

This course will consist of definitions and scope of biosafety, bioethics and biopolicy, good laboratory procedure and practices, standard operating procedures for biotechnology research, legal and institutional framework for biosafety as practiced on the global stage. Other aspects the course will address include: overview of safety issues and application in various products and services, hierarchy of regulatory organs, environmental risks associated with gene manipulation, biohazards, risk assessment and management.

Biology as the science of life, focuses in some aspects, on interrelationships, adaptation, distribution, elements of ecology, origins and evolution of living organism, encapsulating both plants and animals. General Biology 101 encompasses partly among others and not limited to: interrelationships of organisms, heredity, origins and principles of evolution, ecology and habitat types.

This course serves as an introduction to biotechnology taking into account the foundational perspectives and concepts of molecular biology as an aspect of science. Basically, the course explores the introductory aspects of microbial biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology, biofuels, cloning, bioremediation, medical biotechnology, DNA fingerprinting and forensics. 

Biology, study of living things and their vital processes has overtime significantly overlapped with other scientific disciplines. However,  General Biology I (Section B) encompasses partly among others and not limited to: use of microscope; cell structure, function and organization; characteristics, classification and diversity of living things and also, general reproduction